Univalent groups derived from alkanes by removal of a hydrogen atom from any carbon atom –CnH2n+1
. The groups derived by removal of a hydrogen atom from a terminal carbon atom of unbranched alkanes form a subclass of normal alkyl (n
-alkyl) groups H(CH2)n
. The groups RCH2
), and R3C
) are primary, secondary and tertiary alkyl groups, respectively.
See also: cycloalkyl groups, hydrocarbyl groups
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. 'Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 1314 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567081307)