amides

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.A00266
  1. Derivatives of @O04374@ RkE(=O)l(OH)m (l ≠ 0) in which an acidic hydroxy group has been replaced by an amino or substituted amino group. Chalcogen replacement analogues are called @T06347@-, seleno- and telluro-amides. Compounds having one, two or three @A00123@ on a given nitrogen are generically included and may be designated as primary, secondary and tertiary amides, respectively, e.g.
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    benzamide,
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    N,N-dimethylmethanesulfonamide,
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    secondary amides (see @I02948@),
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    tertiary amides,
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    phenylphosphonamidic acid.
    Notes:
    1. Amides with NH2, NHR and NR2 groups should not be distinguished by means of the terms primary, secondary and tertiary.
    2. Derivatives of certain acidic compounds RnE(OH)m, where E is not carbon (e.g. @S06096@, RSOH, @P04556@, R2POH) having the structure RnE(NR2)m may be named as amides but do not belong to the class amides proper, e.g. CH3CH2SNH2 ethanesulfenamide or ethylsulfanylamine.
  2. The term applies also to metal derivatives of ammonia and @A00274@, in which a @C00907@ replaces a hydrogen atom on nitrogen. Such compounds are also called azanides, e.g.
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    lithium diisopropylamide, synonym lithium diisopropylazanide.
    See also:
    carboxamides
    ,
    lactams
    ,
    peptides
    ,
    phosphoramides
    ,
    sulfonamides
Source:
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307.(Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1315 [Terms] [Paper]
See also:
PAC, 1993, 65, 1357.(Revised nomenclature for radicals, ions, radical ions and related species (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 1357 [Terms] [Paper]