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{"term":{"metadata":{"id":"00656","doi":"10.1351\/goldbook.B00656","code":"B00656","status":"current","longtitle":"IUPAC Gold Book - biodegradation","title":"biodegradation","contexts":[],"index":null,"version":"2.3.3","lastupdated":"2014-02-24"},"definitions":{"intro":{"html":"Breakdown of a substance catalysed by enzymes<\/a> in vitro<\/a><\/i> or in vivo<\/a><\/i>. This may be characterized for purposes of hazard<\/a> assessment as:","text":"Breakdown of a substance catalysed by enzymes in vitro or in vivo. This may be characterized for purposes of hazard assessment as:"},"definition":[{"id":"1","text":"Primary. Alteration of the chemical structure of a substance resulting in loss of a specific property of that substance.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[],"math":[],"sources":[]},{"id":"2","text":"Environmentally acceptable. Biodegradation to such an extent as to remove undesirable properties of the compound. This often corresponds to primary biodegradation but it depends on the circumstances under which the products are discharged into the environment.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[],"math":[],"sources":[]},{"id":"3","text":"Ultimate. Complete breakdown of a compound to either fully oxidized or reduced simple molecules (such as carbon dioxide\/methane, nitrate\/ammonium and water. It should be noted that the products of biodegradation can be more harmful than the substance degraded.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[],"math":[],"sources":[]}]},"sources":null,"referencedin":[{"title":0,"url":"https:\/\/pl.wikipedia.org\/w\/index.php?title=Degradacja_(chemia)&oldid=51893399","source":"wikipedia"}],"links":{"html":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00656\/html","json":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00656\/json","xml":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00656\/xml","plain":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00656\/plain","pdf":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00656\/pdf","originalpdf":"http:\/\/iupac.org\/goldbook\/B00656.pdf"},"citeas":"IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the \"Gold Book\"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http:\/\/goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1351\/goldbook.","license":"Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives (CC-BY-ND) 4.0 International (https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nd\/4.0\/)","disclaimer":"The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is continuously reviewing and, where needed, updating terms in the Compendium of Chemical Terminology (the IUPAC Gold Book). Users of these terms are encouraged to include the version of a term with its use and to check regularly for updates to term definitions that you are using.","accessed":"2019-08-18T06:41:08+00:00"}}