The chemical potential of a substance B in a mixture of substances B, C ... is related to the Gibbs energy of the mixture by:
where is the thermodynamic temperature, is the pressure and , , ... are the amounts of substance of B, C, ... . For a pure substance B, the chemical potential is given by:
where is the molar Gibbs energy, and where the superscript * attached to a symbol denotes the property of the pure substance. The superscript or attached to a symbol may be used to denote a standard thermodynamic quantity.
See also: standard chemical potential
PAC, 1994, 66, 533 (Standard quantities in chemical thermodynamics. Fugacities, activities and equilibrium constants for pure and mixed phases (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 535
PAC, 1996, 68, 957 (Glossary of terms in quantities and units in Clinical Chemistry (IUPAC-IFCC Recommendations 1996)) on page 966