An axis about which a set of ligands is held so that it results in a spatial arrangement which is not superposable on its mirror image. For example with an allene abC=C=Ccd
the chiral axis is defined by the C=C=C
bonds; and with an ortho
-substituted biphenyl the atoms C-1, C-1', C-4 and C-4' lie on the chiral axis.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2193. 'Basic terminology of stereochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)' on page 2203 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668122193)