Particles, either liquid or solid, or ions upon which condensation of water vapour (or other substances) begins in the atmosphere. Condensation nuclei are usually very small hygroscopic aerosols (0.001 µm to 0.1 µm in diameter), but these are not as abundant as the smaller particles. The number of CN
which are active (initiate condensation) in a given air mass may be a function of the relative humidity. Usually CN
are counted as the active nuclei at about 300% relative humidity, while cloud condensation nuclei (CCN
) are counted as the number of active nuclei at relative humidity less than or equal to 102%.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167. 'Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)' on page 2182 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199062112167)