The minimum pressure which would suffice to liquefy a substance at its @C01402@. Above the critical pressure, increasing the temperature will not cause a fluid to vaporize to give a two-phase system.
Source: PAC, 1993, 65, 2397. (Nomenclature for supercritical fluid chromatography and extraction (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 2399 [Terms] [Paper]
Cite as: IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book").
Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat,
B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.