formation constant

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.F02485
For a mononuclear binary complex, if a @C00930@ (central group) M (the 'metal') and a ligand L have been defined, then in the following expressions \(K_{n}\) is the stepwise formation constant, and \(\beta_{n}\) is the cumulative formation constant for the complex MLn. They can both be referred to as stability constants (stepwise and cumulative). \[K_{n}=K(\text{ML}_{n- 1}+\text{L}\rightleftharpoons \text{ML}_{n})\] \[\beta_{n} = K(\text{M}+n\text{L}\rightleftharpoons \text{ML}_{n})\]
Source:
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 11 [Terms]