general acid catalysis

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.G02609
The @C00874@ of a chemical reaction by a series of @B00744@ (which may include the solvated hydrogen ion) so that the rate of the catalysed part of the reaction is given by \(\sum k_{\mathrm{HA}}\ [HA]\) multiplied by some function of @S06082@ concentrations. (The acids HA are unchanged by the overall reaction.) General @C00874@ by acids can be experimentally distinguished from @S05796@ by hydrogen cations (@H02904@) by observation of the @R05156@ as a function of buffer concentration.
See also:
catalytic coefficient
,
intramolecular catalysis
,
pseudo-catalysis
Source:
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1117 [Terms] [Paper]