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{"term":{"metadata":{"id":"02874","doi":"10.1351\/goldbook.H02874","code":"H02874","status":"current","longtitle":"IUPAC Gold Book - hybridization","title":"hybridization","contexts":[],"abbrevs":["DNA","RNA"],"index":null,"version":"2.3.3","lastupdated":"2014-02-24"},"definitions":{"definition":[{"id":"1","text":"Linear combination of atomic orbitals on an atom. Hybrid orbitals are often used in organic chemistry to describe the bonding molecules containing tetrahedral (sp 3), trigonal (sp 2) and digonal (sp) atoms.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/A00500"}],"math":[{"meaning":null,"type":null,"latex":"\\mathrm{sp}^{3}"},{"meaning":null,"type":null,"latex":"\\mathrm{sp}^{2}"},{"meaning":null,"type":null,"latex":"\\mathrm{sp}"}],"sources":["PAC, 1994, 66<\/em>, 1077. 'Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)' on page 1122 (https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1351\/pac199466051077)"]},{"id":"2","text":"The formation of stable duplexes of two DNA and\/or RNA (complementary) strands via Watson-Crick base pairing used for locating or identifying nucleotide sequences and to establish the effective transfer of nucleic acid material to a new host.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[{"type":"goldify","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/S05900"},{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/B00607"},{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/N04255"},{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/N04245"},{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02859"}],"math":[],"sources":[]},{"id":"3","text":"The formation of a novel diploid organism either by sexual processes or by protoplast fusion.","contexts":{"in":[],"of":[]},"chemicals":[],"links":[{"type":"internal","url":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/P04917"}],"math":[],"sources":[]}]},"sources":null,"referencedin":[{"title":0,"url":"https:\/\/it.wikipedia.org\/w\/index.php?title=Orbitale_atomico&oldid=88751195","source":"wikipedia"}],"links":{"html":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02874\/html","json":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02874\/json","xml":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02874\/xml","plain":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02874\/plain","pdf":"http:\/\/dev.goldbook.iupac.org\/terms\/view\/H02874\/pdf","originalpdf":"http:\/\/iupac.org\/goldbook\/H02874.pdf"},"citeas":"IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the \"Gold Book\"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http:\/\/goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1351\/goldbook.","license":"Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives (CC-BY-ND) 4.0 International (https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nd\/4.0\/)","disclaimer":"The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is continuously reviewing and, where needed, updating terms in the Compendium of Chemical Terminology (the IUPAC Gold Book). Users of these terms are encouraged to include the version of a term with its use and to check regularly for updates to term definitions that you are using.","accessed":"2020-08-10T11:41:56+00:00"}}