median effective dose (ED 50)

https://dx.doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.M03808
Statistically derived dose of a chemical or physical agent (radiation) expected to produce a certain effect in 50% of test organisms in a given population or to produce a half-maximal effect in a biological system under a defined set of conditions.
Source:
PAC, 1993, 65, 2003 (Glossary for chemists of terms used in toxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 2068