Mulliken population analysis
A partitioning scheme based on the use of density and overlap matrixes of allocating the electrons of a molecular entity in some fractional manner among its various parts (atoms, bonds, orbitals). As with other schemes of partitioning the @E01986@ in molecules, MPA is arbitrary and strongly dependent on the particular @BT06999@ employed. However, comparison of population analyses for a series of molecules is useful for a quantitative description of intra-molecular interactions, chemical reactivity and structural regularities.
PAC, 1999, 71, 1919. (Glossary of terms used in theoretical organic chemistry) on page 1953 [Terms] [Paper]