Newtonian fluid

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.N04138
A fluid in which the components of the stress tensor are linear functions of the first spatial derivatives of the velocity components. These functions involve two material parameters (taken as constants throughout the fluid, although depending on ambient temperature and pressure).
Source:
PAC, 1979, 51, 1213. (Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry Part 1.13. Definitions, Terminology and Symbols for Rheological Properties) on page 1216 [Terms] [Paper]