polymorphic transition

A reversible transition of a solid crystalline phase at a certain temperature and pressure (the inversion point) to another phase of the same chemical composition with a different crystal structure. Examples:
  1. The transitions of SiO2 (quartz-type) at \(1143\ \text{K}\) to SiO2 (tridymite-type), and at \(1743\ \text{K}\) to SiO2 (cristobalite-type).
  2. The transition of β-AgI (wurtzite-type structure) to α-AgI (body-centred-cubic structure) at \(418\ \text{K}\). Synonymous with enantiotropic transition.
In a liquid-crystal transition, this term refers to phase changes in the @S05714@ or columnar discotic state.
PAC, 1994, 66, 577. 'Definitions of terms relating to phase transitions of the solid state (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)' on page 588 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466030577)