reduced mobile phase velocity, \(v\)

in chromatography
https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.R05215
A term used mainly in liquid @C01075@. It compares the mobile phase velocity with the velocity of @D01716@ into the pores of the particles (the so-called @D01716@ velocity, \(u_{\text{D}}\)): \[v=\frac{\overline{u}}{u_{\text{D}}}=\frac{\overline{u}\ d_{\text{p}}}{D_{\text{M}}}\] In open-tubular @C01075@: \[v=\frac{\overline{u}\ d_{\text{c}}}{D_{\text{M}}}\]
Source:
PAC, 1993, 65, 819. (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 840 [Terms] [Paper]