selectivity

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.S05563
This term is used in two different ways:
  1. It sometimes refers to the discrimination shown by a given reactant A when it reacts with two alternative reactants B and C, or in two different ways (e.g. at two different sites) with a reactant B.
    Source:
    PAC, 1996, 68, 149. (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 186 [Terms] [Paper]
  2. The term also sometimes refers to the ratio of products obtained from given reactants. This meaning is of importance for catalysts, which can have a wide range of selectivities. Selectivity is quantitatively expressed by ratios of rate constants for the alternative reactions, or by the decadic logarithms of such ratios.
    See also:
    isoselective relationship
    ,
    partial rate factor
    ,
    regioselectivity
    ,
    selectivity factor
    ,
    stereoselectivity
    Source:
    PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1162 [Terms] [Paper]