Of a cone, the ratio of the area cut out on a spherical surface (with its centre at the apex of that cone) to the square of the radius of the sphere. It is a quantity of dimension one (dimensionless quantity) with unit steradian (sr = 1).
Green Book, 2nd ed., p. 11 (https://dev.goldbook.iupac.org/files/pdf/green_book_2ed.pdf)
PAC, 1996, 68, 957. 'Glossary of terms in quantities and units in Clinical Chemistry (IUPAC-IFCC Recommendations 1996)' on page 992 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668040957)