A quantitative measure for nuclear spin-spin, nuclear-electron (hyperfine coupling) and electron-electron (fine coupling in EPR
) coupling in magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The 'indirect' or scalar NMR
coupling constants are in a first approximation independent of the external magnetic field and are expressed in Hz.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. 'Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)' on page 1101 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466051077)