Similar in construction to a vacuum phototube except that it is filled with a noble gas (usually Ar
) at a pressure of about 10 Pa. Photoelectrons accelerated by the anode electric potential ionize gas atoms. The additional electrons provide a substantial intrinsic gain.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1745. 'Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XI. Detection of radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 1753 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567101745)