electrically conducting polymer composed of macromolecules having fully conjugated sequences of double bonds along the chains.
- The bulk electrical conductivity of an intrinsically @CT07170@ is comparable to that of some metals and results from its macromolecules acquiring positive or negative charges through @O04362@ or reduction by an electron-acceptor or -donor (charge-transfer agent), termed a @DT07203@.
- Examples of intrinsically conducting polymers are polyacetylene, polythiophene, polypyrrole, or polyaniline. Unlike @M03667@ electrolytes, in which charge is transported by dissolved ions, charge in intrinsically conducting polymers is transported along and between polymer molecules via generated charge carriers (e.g., holes, electrons).
- An intrinsically @CT07170@ should be distinguished from a @CT07201@ and from a @ST07227@.
PAC, 2006, 78, 2067. 'Terminology of polymers containing ionizable or ionic groups and of polymers containing ions (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)' on page 2070 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200678112067)