mobile phase

in chromatography
A fluid which percolates through or along the stationary bed, in a definite direction. It may be a liquid (liquid chromatography) or a gas (gas chromatography) or a supercritical fluid (supercritical-fluid chromatography). In gas chromatography the expression carrier gas may be used for the mobile phase. In elution chromatography the expression 'eluent' is also used for the mobile phase.
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 97 (
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167. 'Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)' on page 2202 (
PAC, 1993, 65, 819. 'Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)' on page 824 (