Compounds having two β-haloalkyl groups bound to a sulfur atom, as in (XCH2CH2)2S
, and their analogues, the nitrogen (and phosphorus) mustards, (XCH2CH2)2NR
. Compounds having one β-haloalkyl group and one β-hydroxyalkyl group on S
are termed hemi- or semi-mustards by some chemists.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. 'Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 1350 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567081307)