The rate of change of temperature with altitude (dT/dz). The rate of temperature decrease with increase in altitude which is expected to occur in an unperturbed dry air mass is 9.8 x 10E3°C min-1. This is called the dry adiabatic lapse rate. The lapse rate is taken as positive when temperature decreases with increasing height. For air saturated with H2O
, the lapse rate is less because of the release of the latent heat of water as it condenses. The average tropospheric lapse rate is about 6.5 x 10E3°C min-1. The lapse rate has a negative value within an inversion layer.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167. 'Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)' on page 2199 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199062112167)