cyanohydrins

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.C01489
@A00204@ substituted by a cyano group, most commonly, but not limited to, examples having a cyano and a hydroxy group attached to the same carbon atom, formally derived from @A00208@ or @K03386@ by the addition of hydrogen cyanide. An individual cyanohydrin can systematically be named as a hydroxy nitrile, e.g. (CH3)2C(OH)C≡N 'acetone cyanohydrin' (2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanenitrile), HOCH2CH2C≡N 'ethylene cyanohydrin' (3-hydroxypropanenitrile).
See:
alcohols
,
aldehydes
,
halohydrins
,
ketones
Source:
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1329 [Terms] [Paper]