A process by means of which @M03667@ species differing in some characteristic (chemical composition, @R05271@, branching, stereoregularity, etc.) are separated from each other.
Source: Purple Book, 1st ed., p. 68 [Terms] [Book]
Cite as: IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.