Originally, compounds such as @A00213@ and @K03387@ having the @S06021@ formula Cn(H2O)n, hence 'hydrates of carbon'. The generic term carbohydrate includes @M04021@, @O04289@ and @P04752@ as well as substances derived from @M04021@ by reduction of the carbonyl group (@A00210@), by @O04362@ of one or more terminal groups to @C00852@, or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom, an amino group, thiol group or similar groups. It also includes derivatives of these compounds.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1325 [Terms] [Paper]