Cox–Yates equation
A modification of the @B00758@ of the form: \[\log _{10}(\frac{[\text{SH}^{+}]}{[\text{S}]})- \log _{10}[\text{H}^{+}] = m^{*}\ X + \text{pK}_{\text{SH}^{+}}\] is the activity function \[\log _{10}(\frac{\gamma _{\text{S}}\ \gamma _{\text{H}^{+}}}{\gamma _{\text{SH}^{+}}})\] for an arbitrary reference base. The function \(X\) is called the @E02234@ because it gives a measure of the difference between the @A00079@ of a solution and that of an ideal solution of the same concentration. In practice \[X=- (\mathrm{H}_{0}+\log _{10}[\mathrm{H}^{+}])\] and \[m^{*}=1- \mathit{\Phi }\]
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1101 [Terms] [Paper]