## isotopic fractionation factor

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.I03343
The ratio $\frac{(x_{1}/x_{2})_{\text{A}}}{(x_{1}/x_{2})_{\text{B}}}$ where $$x$$ is the abundance, expressed as the atom fraction of the isotope distinguished by the subscript numeral, when the two @I03331@ are equilibrated between two different chemical species A and B (or between specific sites A and B in the same or different chemical species). The term is most commonly met in connection with @D01648@ solvent @I03327@, when the fractionation factor $$\mathit{\Phi}$$ expresses the ratio: $\varPhi = \frac{(x_{\text{D}}/x_{\text{H}})_{\text{solute}}}{(x_{\text{D}}/x_{\text{H}})_{\text{solvent}}}$ for the exchangeable hydrogen atoms in the chemical species (or sites) concerned. The concept is also applicable to transition states.
Source:
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1115 [Terms] [Paper]