A theory of @M03989@ gas reactions in which the rate with which the energized reactant molecule breaks down is treated as a function of the energy \(\varepsilon\) that it contains. The theory assumes that the rate is proportional to the number of ways of distributing \(\varepsilon\) among the internal @D01572@ of the reactant molecule, in such a manner that the critical energy \(\varepsilon_{\text{c}}\) is localized in one particular degree of freedom.
PAC, 1996, 68, 149. (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 185 [Terms] [Paper]