rotational relaxation time, \(\rho\)
Parameter describing the time-dependence of the tumbling of a molecular entity in a medium of @V06627@ \(\eta\) as originally defined by @D01533@, and used by Perrin in the original development of the theories of rotational motion of fluorophores.
Related to the rotational correlation time, \(\tau_{c}\), by \(\rho = 3\tau_{c}\). Thus, in the case of a spherically emitting species reorienting itself in a homogeneous fluid, \(\rho = 1/(6\, D_{r})\), with \(D_{r}\) the @R05411@.
PAC, 2007, 79, 293. (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 416 [Terms] [Paper]