1. In the traditional sense, 'having a chemistry typified by benzene'.
  2. A cyclically @C01267@ with a stability (due to @D01583@) significantly greater than that of a hypothetical localized structure (e.g. @K03373@) is said to possess aromatic character. If the structure is of higher energy (less @S05900@) than such a hypothetical classical structure, the molecular entity is 'antiaromatic'. The most widely used method for determining @A00442@ is the observation of diatropicity in the 1HNMR spectrum.
    See also:
    Hückel (4n + 2) rule
    Möbius aromaticity
  3. The terms aromatic and antiaromatic have been extended to describe the stabilization or destabilization of @T06468@ of @P04491@. The hypothetical reference structure is here less clearly defined, and use of the term is based on application of the @H02867@ and on consideration of the topology of orbital overlap in the @T06468@. Reactions of molecules in the @G02704@ involving antiaromatic transition states proceed, if at all, much less easily than those involving aromatic transition states.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1086 [Terms] [Paper]
See also:
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1319 [Terms] [Paper]